RIDGWAY DUELS for KOREA, JANUARY - JUNE 1951. by Colonel Appleman. 688 pages. 29 photos, 24 maps, 20 tables.
Primary U.S. Units covered: 1st Cavalry Division, 1st Marine Division, 2nd Infantry Division, 3rd Infantry Division, 7th Infantry Division, 24th Infantry Division, 25th Infantry Division, 187th Regimental Combat Team (Paratroop), 64th Heavy Tank Battalion(Colored), Naval Support - Air Support. At the end of 1950, the UN forces in Korea had suffered a series of decisive defeats by the Chinese. Eighth Army's commander, Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, had just died in an accident. The situation was as bleak as the wintry landscape.
In this third volume of Roy E. Appleman's operational history of the Korean War from November 1950 to July 1951, the author follows the UN forces as they about-face and maneuver the Chinese and North Korean armies back to the 38th Parallel. The book covers the Chinese so-called 3rd, 4th, and 5th Phase offensives.
General MacArthur's choice to assume command of the UN troops after Walker's death was Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, whose decision to attack earned him the nickname "Wrong-way Ridgway." The author asserts, however, that Ridgway made the difference in the reversal of the UN army's fortunes and "redeemed the military honor of the United States in the eyes of the world." Ridgway's strategy of turning flight into offensive forced the Chinese to initiate their fourth major campaign prematurely. Before the Chinese were fully prepared to attack, the US 2nd Division had advanced to the area near Chipyong-ni, where in February 1951 the UN troops scored their first decisive victory since the Chinese intervened in the war the previous October. With morale heightened by the victory, Eighth Army drove the enemy out of South Korea, and truce talks began in July 1951.
This volume and its companion volumes are based on the official records of US units at all levels and on interviews and correspondence with survivors and the commanders involved, including General Ridgway. Illustrated with photographs and two dozen situation maps, it meticulously chronicles the bitter facts as well as heroic efforts in a tragic and costly war.
"As with all fine military histories, the reader of Ridgway Duels for Korea puts down this almost 700-page study with a comprehensive knowledge not only of Ridgway but also of 8th Army--its commanders at virtually every level, its strengths and weaknesses, its victories and its setbacks. It is difficult to overestimate the value of Appleman's books. He brings to his work his soldier's service, a scholar's thoroughness, a historian's grasp of the past, and a critic's judgment. Each work is a gem unto itself; but taken together they bring to life what many now call the Forgotten War."--Arthur Blair, USA (Ret.), Bryan-College Station Eagle
Co-winner of the Truman Library Book Award, this volume of Appleman's Korean War combat histories follows the American and the U.N. forces day-by-day as they push back the enemy to the 38th Parallel in non-stop fighting for six months. 688 pages. 29 photos, 24 maps, 20 tables.
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